With an area of 9147 ha was declared as such in 1992, while four areas within the Park (with a total area of 220 ha) were declared as Natural Reserves. It is covered mostly by natural forest of black pine and brutia pine. The Park is a unique area for Cyprus with high ecological, recreational, hydrological and geological value. It is part of the Natura 2000, the European network of protected areas. About 800 plant species were recorded here, 72 of them are endemic to Cyprus, of which 12 are exclusive to the Park.
The Visitor Centre which provides information about the Park and environmental education to schools is situated 200 m west of the Troodes Square.